Ichabod Corwin

Lebanon's first settler, Ichabod Corwin, brought his family to what would become Lebanon in March 1796. He bought a half-section of land and settled northwest of what would become downtown, where the Berry school stands today.

Ichabod was born in New Jersey in 1767, and raised in Bourbon County, Ky. It was there that he eventually met and married Sarah Griffin of Washington County, Pa.

In the early spring of 1796, Corwin cleared about 12 acres near his cabin and planted the first crop of corn grown in Lebanon. But before Corwin could cultivate the corn, American Indians — most likely Shawnees — stole all his horses.

With a family to support and mouths to feed, Corwin walked back to Kentucky to purchase a yoke of oxen. He returned to Lebanon where — with the assistance of a “Yankee” he hired in Kentucky — he cultivated his corn, which yielded 100 bushels to the acre.

Within a year of settling in Lebanon, Sarah gave birth to daughter Eliza on August 25, 1797. Eliza was their fourth child, and their first born north of the Ohio River. Eliza died 25 years later, the only one of the Corwins' 13 children to precede them in death.

Corwin built a two-story log house in 1800 on the east side of North Broadway between Mulberry and Silver Streets, where the LCNB bank is today. It was the first cabin built on land that would become Lebanon. Ichabod and his family lived there for one or two years before selling it to Ephraim Hathaway, who would open The Black Horse Tavern.

On December 8, 1800, Sarah gave birth to Lucinda in the two-story cabin on Broadway. She was the second child born within what would become Lebanon's town boundaries. Lucinda would go on to marry Francis Dunlavy's son Anthony Howard Dunlevy, and live to be 81 years old.

In September 1802, Corwin — along with land owners Silas Hurin, Ephraim Hathaway and Sammuel Manning — hired surveyor Ichabod Halsey and laid out 100 lots that would become Lebanon.

Corwin went on the build another future tavern, although this one is still in operation 200 years later. In 1815 he constructed a brick building on the northwest corner of Broadway and Main Street. This structure today serves as the foundation and lobby of The Golden Lamb, Ohio’s oldest continuously operating business.

Ichabod and Sarah's oldest son, Moses Bledso Corwin, eventually became a U.S. Congressman, representing Urbana, Ohio.

Ichabod died on October 16, 1834, at age 67 after a horse kicked him in the head. He was buried in the Baptist Graveyard, what is now the northern part of the Pioneer Cemetery. His tombstone reads:

"The deceased was the first settler on the place where Lebanon now stands—March, 1796."


Ichabod Corwin

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