History Articles

This is a collection of articles about key figures and events in Lebanon's history. Feel free to research and write your own to make this a stronger collection.

Downtown Lebanon in 1926

Warren County Historical Society

Downtown Lebanon in 1926. The Lebanon Opera House sits at the corner of Broadway and Main, were the city building now stands.

A Brief History of Lebanon's Railroads

By Kyle Montgomery

Arthur St. Clair: Roadblock to Statehood

By Charlie Zimkus

Death of Clement Vallandigham

Entertainment at The Golden Lamb

By Charlie Zimkus

Founding of Lebanon, Ohio

By Charlie Zimkus

Francis Dunlavy: Pioneer Teacher

Francis Dunlavy is recognized as the first teacher in the Miami Valley, the land between the Great and Little Miami Rivers which includes present-day Lebanon. He was also one of the principal writers of Ohio’s first constitution, and served Southwest Ohio as a president judge for 14 years.

Dunlavy was born on New Year’s Eve, 1761, near Winchester, Va. He was the oldest son of Anthony and Hannah Dunlavy’s eight children. In 1772, the family moved west of the Allegheny Mountains to the settlement of Catfish in Washington County, Pa. It was there that Dunlavy was drafted into a militia to defend their frontier community from American Indians and red coats during the American Revolution.

Young Dunlavy served no fewer than eight times before age 21, beginning in 1776 when he was 14. On a few occasions, he served as a substitute for his father. These campaigns ranged from 14 days to 3 months.

In May and June of 1782, Dunlavy was among the 500 volunteers led by Col. William Crawford in a campaign against American Indian villages along the Sandusky River. Crawford led what was supposed to be a surprise attack deep into enemy territory. But the Indians and their British allies from Detroit found out ahead of time. After a day of indecisive fighting, Dunlavy and the other volunteers found themselves surrounded. During a confused retreat in which Dunlavy escaped, Crawford and some of his men were captured. Crawford was tortured for at least two hours before being burned at the stake.

In 1790, Dunlavy graduated from Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pa. Two years later, after abandoning plans to become a minister in favor of education, Dunlavy moved to Columbia, near Cincinnati at the mouth of the Little Miami River, and opened a school. That same year, he married a young widow named Mary Craig Carpenter. Together they would have six children, among them were Anthony Howard, a Lebanon lawyer who married Ichabod Corwin’s daughter Lucinda; John Craig, a physician in Hamilton; and James Harvey, also a lawyer.

After the Treaty of Greeneville opened the Miami Valley to white settlement, Dunlavy and his family moved upriver to the Turtle Creek Valley in 1797. The following spring, Dunlavy opened the first school in the Miami Valley. The log-cabin subscription school was north of Turtle Creek on what is now West Main Street, where Lebanon’s water department is now located. Among his students was Matthias Corwin's four-year-old son, Thomas, who would grow up to be governor.

In October 1800, Dunlavy was elected to the Northwest Territorial Legislature and left teaching the following year. Dunlavy was an anti-Federalist and clashed with the power-hungry territorial Gov. Arthur St. Clair.

In 1802 Dunlavy was Hamilton County’s top vote-getter for a seat at Ohio’s constitutional convention in Chillicothe. Hamilton County was much larger at that time, containing about 5,000 square miles and including what is now Lebanon. Dunlavy was one of the principle writers of the state constitution, where he lobbied unsuccessfully to grant suffrage to black men. His views on racial equality were unpopular, earning him ridicule and costing him votes during his failed campaigns for the Ohio legislature in the early 1820s. But Dunlavy clung to his principles, advocating civil, religious and political privileges for all men of whatever name, country, color or religion.

Dunlavy was described as "distinguished," "brilliant," "devout," "amiable," and "brave" and he was said to have "great integrity" and "firmness of character." He was also known to be cranky and sometime careless, and it has been argued that the only reason he was not the first governor of Ohio was that his personality was not as pleasing as Edward Tiffin's.

In 1803 Dunlavy was elected a State Senator in the first state legislature, but the Senate promptly appointed him President Judge for southwestern Ohio's Court of Common Pleas. He held this position for 14 years, despite that fact the he had never seriously studied law or been admitted to the bar. On horseback, Dunlavy traveled his circuit throughout southwestern Ohio, undeterred by harsh weather conditions or flooded rivers. He missed only one court appearance during his tenure.

Upon leaving the bench, Dunlavy practiced law, traveling and representing clients throughout a ten-county area. Ten years later, at age 70, Dunlavy retired. He continued studying and reading his Latin Bible until dying of pleurisy on November 6, 1839 at age 78. He is buried in the old Baptist Graveyard below a marker that reads:

“He was among the first white men to enter the Territory now forming Ohio; was a member of the Territorial Legislature; and of the Convention which formed the Constitution of Ohio.”

Francis Dunlavy

Dunlavy or Dunlevy?

Francis always signed his last name "Dunlavy," but his descendants adopted a different spelling: "Dunlavy."

Francis's oldest son, Anthony Howard, changed his name to "Dunlevy" soon after becoming a lawyer in Lebanon. He wrote, "The family were originally from Spain. The name, which is properly Donlevy, has since been written variously, according to the vowel sounds of the different countries in which the family was scattered — sometimes Donlevy; by others, Dunlevy, and again, Dunlavy."

Jeremiah Morrow: Frontier Politician

Jeremiah Morrow was born near Gettysburg, Pa., on October 6, 1771. At age 24, Morrow set off into the Northwest Territory to find rich land for farming. He settled in 1774 in Warren County.

Morrow married Mary Parkhill, a cousin, in February 1799. The following year he was elected to serve in the territorial legislature. In 1802 he returned to Chillicothe to help write Ohio’s constitution, joining Lebanon teacher Francis Dunlavy in both pursuits.

Morrow as elected to the State Senate in 1803 and, once Ohio was admitted as a state, became its only representative in Congress, a position he held for ten years until being appointed to the U.S. Senate. Morrow was chairman of House and Senate committees on public lands and was instrumental in the passage of the Federal Land Act of 1820, which decreased the minimum price of land and allowed the sale of tracts as small as 80 acres.

After serving a six-year term in the Senate, Morrow left Washington in 1819 to oversee the state canal system as commissioner and eventually to run for governor.

Morrow defeated incumbent Allen Trimble in 1822 to become Ohio’s ninth governor. During his two terms, Ohio recovered from economic depression, a rebound fueled by the completion of the Erie Canal, the extension of the National Road into the state, and the onset of canal building in Ohio. Morrow also signed legislation establishing a system of state-supported schools and a method of valuation and taxation of property.

Morrow again joined the State Senate in 1827, and served in the Ohio General Assembly in 1829 and 1835. On July 4, 1839 he officiated the laying of the cornerstone of the Statehouse in Columbus.

Morrow then returned to Congress, succeeding the newly elected Gov. Thomas Corwin as representative of the Southwest Ohio district from October 13, 1840 to March 3, 1843.

From 1837 to 1845, Morrow was president of the Little Miami Railroad Co., which built the first railroad out of Cincinnati.

Finished with politics, Morrow returned to his farm at Twenty-mile Stand, near Lebanon, where he died on March 22, 1852. The Ohio county and Warren County town bear Morrow's name, as does the Jeremiah Morrow Bridge carrying drivers along I-71 over the Little Miami River north of Lebanon.

His grandson, Josiah Morrow left his own mark Lebanon as a writer and historian. Much of what is known about early life in Warren County comes from Josiah’s History of Warren County, Ohio.

Gov. Jeremiah Morrow

John McLean and The Western Star

By Charlie Zimkus

Lebanon: Home of Miami University

By Charlie Zimkus

No Brandy for Dickens

By Charlie Zimkus

On the Road with Charles Kuralt

By Charlie Zimkus

President Bush’s Speech

When President George W. Bush spoke in front of The Golden Lamb on May 4, 2004, he became the first president to visit Lebanon while in office. The following is the transcript of that campaign speech delivered starting at 2:43 p.m.:

President George W. Bush: “Thank you all for coming. (Applause.) I’m proud to be the first sitting president to have visited here. I am — actually, I’m a standing president today. (Laughter.)

I'll tell you why I'm here. I want to — I'm here to tell you I want to be your President for four more years. (Applause.) I see clearly where we need to go in order to make this country safer and stronger and better, and I need your help. I need you to find people to register to vote. I need you to turn out the vote. I need you to put up the signs. I need you to do your duty as Americans and vote. And when you do, I'll be reelected, thanks to your help. (Applause.)

Rob told me 11 other Presidents have visited the Golden Lamb. None of them came on a bus like this. (Laughter.) I don't think so, do you? I really appreciate my friends here in Ohio. This is an important state. And it's the state we're going to work hard to earn the — earn the confidence of the people from all walks of life. But it's going to require a good grassroots effort in order for us to get the message out. I want you to make sure you tell your friends and neighbors — it doesn't matter what their political party is — that our message and our vision is one that is positive, and hopeful, and optimistic for every single American. That's what we believe. (Applause.)

I regret that Laura is not here today. I know it. You drew the short straw. (Laughter.) You know, I really got lucky when she said, "yes." She is a fabulous wife, a great mother, and she's doing a wonderful job as the First Lady of this country. (Applause.) I think she deserves four more years. (Applause.)

I want — as you get out and gather the vote, remind people that it's the President's job to surround himself with excellence, to put a good team together on behalf of the American people. I've assembled a great Cabinet and a great administration — people from all walks of life, people from different backgrounds, people who have come to Washington, D.C. to serve our nation and not their self-interest. We've had no finer Vice President of the United States than Dick Cheney. (Applause.) Mother heard me say that one time — (applause) — she said, wait a minute, Buster.

No, I'm proud of my team. I'm proud of working with the members of Congress. You got a fine congressman in Rob Portman. (Applause.) I didn't know he was an innkeeper. (Laughter.) But he's a great guy, an honest fellow, a smart person, a person who cares deeply for the people of Ohio. I traveled today down from Dayton with Congressman Mike Turner. He's doing a fine job, as well. I appreciate you coming, Congressman Turner. (Applause.)

I appreciate Lieutenant Governor Jennette Bradley who is with us today, and State Treasurer Joe Deters. I want to thank the members of the statehouse who are here. I appreciate the Mayor came out today, Amy Brewer. (Applause.) Madam Mayor. She didn't ask for any advice, but I'm going to give her some. (Laughter.) Fill the potholes, Mayor. (Applause.) And thank you for your service.

I want to thank my friend, Jo Ann Davidson, who is my regional chairman, a former Speaker of the House of Ohio. I understand Anthony Munoz is here. Where is Anthony? (Applause.) Anthony, como esta? Good to see you again, buddy. Thank you for coming. What a class act he is. (Applause.) He's a person who understands that a responsible citizen is somebody who puts something back in the community in which they live. And I'm proud to call you friend, Anthony. Thank you for coming.

I want to thank all the people who care about your country and decided to participate in the political process. It's really important. It's important for citizens to understand we have a duty and democracy to participate. I hope you go out and gather people to the polls. You might suggest they vote for me when you do. And tell them I've got a reason. Look, I'm here asking for the vote. The reason I've come here is I want people to know I want to be your President. I take nothing for granted. I'm here to say, I need your help and want your help to lead this country for four more years. (Applause.)

I'm seeking the endorsement of the people. I'm running against the -- and it's going to be a tough campaign, by the way. We're not going to take anything for granted, and neither should you. I'm running for a fellow who's got a lot of experience. He's been in Washington an awful long time. So long, he's taken about -- both sides of just about every issue. (Laughter.) That's called Washington-itis.

And he's seeking the endorsements, too. As you might remember, he claims to have picked up some important endorsements from foreign leaders. He just won't give us their names. Here's what he said about that one question. He said, "What I said is true." He said, "I mean, you can go to New York City and you can be in a restaurant and you can meet a foreign leader." That's what he said when one of the big-time reporters asked him about it. I've got a hunch this whole thing might be a case of mistaken identity. (Laughter.) Just because somebody has an accent, or a nice suit, or a good table in New York City, it doesn't make him a foreign leader. Whoever these mystery men are, they will not be deciding the election. I'm here to ask for the endorsement, not of foreign leaders, but of the American people. (Applause.)

And I've got a reason. I've got a job to make this country a safer country. My job is to do everything in our power to protect the American people from an enemy which is cold-blooded, an enemy that has no conscience, an enemy which struck us on September the 11th. We have rallied together as a nation. We're doing everything we can to protect our homeland. Our ports are more secure; the borders are better off; it's harder to get through an airport these days. I fully understand. After all, they're looking inside your shoes. But it's for a reason. It's to make sure that we do everything we can to protect the homeland. But the best way to protect America is to stay on the offensive and bring these killers to justice, one person at a time. (Applause.)

It's important for the President and future President to understand the nature of the war we face. This is more than a war that requires law enforcement and intelligence. That's what some people have said. That's the attitude we took after the World Trade Center was bombed in 1993. We served some legal papers, and some thought the matter was settled. But the enemy was still planning, and they were plotting, and they were training. After the carnage of September the 11th, you need to have a President who understands you can't win this war with legal papers. We've got to use every asset at our disposal.

The terrorists declared war on the United States of America, and war is what they got. (Applause.) And we're making good progress. We're chasing them down. We've got a lot of friends on the hunt. We're cutting off their money. We're sharing intelligence. We've got some fantastic military troops on the -- on the hunt for them. (Applause.) Two-thirds of known al Qaeda leaders have been brought to justice, and the rest of them can feel us breathing down their neck.

You've got to have a President who understands the nature of the war. It's essential that we not show any weakness. We must be determined and strong and unrelenting in our search for those who would do harm to the American people. The war on terror is more than just chasing down al Qaeda. The war on terror is enforcing doctrine. It's essential that when an American President speaks, he speak clearly, and when he says something, means what he says. (Applause.)

When I said, if you harbor a terrorist, you're just as guilty as the terrorist, I meant what I said. When a President says something, it must be clear and it must be meaningful. In order to keep the peace, there must be truth in the words of the President. The Taliban found out what I meant. Thanks to our troops and our coalition members, we routed the Taliban from power. And Afghanistan is no longer a training base for al Qaeda. (Applause.)

Part of the war on terror was making sure al Qaeda couldn't train there. Part of the war on terror is to spread freedom in places like Afghanistan. I want you to remember what life was like for little girls in Afghanistan before we arrived. The Taliban were so barbaric and so backwards, so corrupt in their vision that young girls -- many young girls never received an education. Thanks to the United States of America and our brave troops, thanks to our friends and our coalition, not only did we rout the Taliban and America is more safe, we routed out a government. And now young girls have got hope and optimism for their future. (Applause.)

A President must understand the world the way it is. And after September the 11th, this country needs to have a President who understands that when we see a threat, we must take it seriously before it materializes. When a President sees a threat, he just can't hope it goes away. He just can't hope that somehow the -- a tyrant will change his mind.

I saw a threat in Afghanistan [sic]. I looked at the intelligence and saw a threat. The Congress looked at the intelligence. Members of both political parties looked at that same intelligence and saw and threat. The United Nations Security Council looked at the intelligence and it saw a threat. The United Nations Security Council, like me, remembered -- we saw more than a threat, we remembered that Saddam Hussein had used weapons of mass destruction against his own people and against his neighborhood; that Saddam Hussein professed hatred for America; that he had terrorist ties; that he paid suiciders to kill innocent citizens in the Middle East. We remembered all that.

And so we went to the United Nations, and the United Nations agreed with America, when, unanimously, the Security Council said, disarm or face serious consequences. When America speaks, we must mean what we say. We said, disarm or face serious consequences. Saddam Hussein, as he had for a decade, defied the demands of the free world. So I had a choice to make: Either trust the word of a madman, or defend America. Given that choice, I will defend America every time. (Applause.)

The world is better off without Saddam Hussein in power. (Applause.) Because we acted, torture chambers are closed. Because we acted, democracy is rising in the heart of the Middle East. Because we said something and did what we said, countries like Libya got the message and voluntarily disarmed. Because we acted, America is more secure, and the world is more peaceful. (Applause.)

There's hard work still to do. And like you, I mourn the loss of every life. And like you, I recognize how difficult the work in Iraq is. It's essential that we implement our strategy for the sake of long-term peace and freedom. You see, free societies are peaceful societies.

I also know that freedom is in the soul of every human being. Freedom isn't America's gift to the world -- freedom is the almighty God's gift to every man and woman in this world. (Applause.)

The Iraqi people long to be free. The Iraqi people want to self-govern. But there are thugs and assassins who want to stop the march to freedom. That's what you're seeing on your television screens. You're seeing a few killers trying to -- trying to halt the progress of freedom because they understand that freedom will be amajor defeat in the cause against terror. Terrorists can't stand free societies. Terrorists understand the power of freedom just like Americans understand the power of freedom. This country will finish what we have begun. We will see that Iraq is free and self-governing and democratic. We will accomplish our mission. We will win this essential victory in the war on terror. (Applause.)

I'm running because I understand the historic opportunity we have. It's an historic moment to help change the world. I believe, as the strongest nation on the face of the Earth, we have a duty and an obligation to spread freedom, to resist tyranny, to help people from all walks of life realize their ambition. And I know that by fulfilling that duty, by using our strength and our influence, by spreading freedom, that we will leave behind a legacy of peace for our children and for our children's children. This is the course that history has put before us, the challenge that history has put before us. We welcome it. We do not shirk our duty. We welcome our duty.

There is a difference of opinion when it comes to that duty in foreign policy. My opponent says he approves of bold action in the world. But only if other countries do not object. I believe strongly in alliances. I believe strongly in working with other nations that share the same values we share, that understand the need for freedom and peace to be spread throughout the world. But I will never turn over America's national security decisions to leaders of other countries. (Applause.)

I'm running because I have a vision for a strong America that's based on a strong economy. I understand the role of government is not to create wealth, but an environment in which the entrepreneurial spirit flourishes. I understand the job of government is to empower people to realize their dreams. You see, we have a difference of opinion in this race -- the role of the federal government versus the role of the private individual.

We went through tough economic times. We've been through a recession and a war, and a national emergency and corporate scandals. But I understood that in order to come out of these tough economic times, the best thing to do is not to increase the size and scope of the federal government, but the best thing to do is to let people keep more of their own money. In order to grow the economy, when people have more money, they demand -- (applause.) The cornerstone of our pro-growth economic policy is to trust the people of America with their own money. We're not spending the government's money in Washington, D.C. It's your money. And when you have more money in your pocket, this economy will grow and expand.

I like to say that the numbers look good. First quarter economic growth was strong. Jobs are now being created in Ohio. They're being created nationwide. More people own their home than in a long period of time. Home ownership rate is the highest ever. More minorities are owning their own home. People are starting their own business. It is clear that the economic stimulus package we passed is working. It is clear that people are spending their money far wiser than the federal government would have. (Applause.)

And the fundamental question in this campaign is how do we make sure the economy continues to grow? How do we make sure America is the best place in the world to do business? How do we make sure we're the leader in the world? Let me give you some ideas.

First, we've got to make sure we're wise with the people's money. We've got to make sure that we don't run your taxes up. The worst time to raise taxes on the American people would be right now. I'm running against a fellow who's made over a trillion dollars of promises in this campaign. And we're only getting started. We've got six months to go and he's already over a trillion. I can't imagine what it's going to be like next October. And the problem is, he said he's going to pay for it by taxing the rich. That's code word. That's the way they talk in Washington. There's not enough money. You can't tax the rich enough to pay for his promises. Guess who he's going to tax? He's going to tax me and you. You're going to pay for this. He's either going to break his promises on these new spending increases, which I don't think he'll do, or he's going to tax the American people, which I will think he'll do.

This is a terrible time to raise taxes on the American people. You need to put me in office for four more years so your taxes won't go up. (Applause.)

We've got to make sure that we've got good trade policy in this country. You hear a lot of talk about ideas that would isolate us from the world. I think that would be a disaster. If we want to be competitive in the long run, we don't want to be isolated. We just want to have a chance to compete.

Presidents before me have opened up the United States for foreign goods because it's good for consumers. If you've got more goods coming in, it gives you more products from which to choose, and helps you get a better price for something you want to buy. The problem is we haven't had other countries open up their markets like ours. In order for us to be competitive, in order for us to be -- for people to be able to find work in the short-term and the long-term, you need you a President who will continue to open up foreign markets so we can compete. Just give us a chance to compete. We've got the best workers in the world. We've got the best farmers in the world. Open up those markets, is what we're saying, and give us a chance to compete, and this economy will continue to grow and expand. (Applause.)

If we want to compete in the long-term, we need tort reform. There's too many frivolous and junk lawsuits that are making it hard for small businesses to expand and grow. (Applause.) We need medical liability reform in this country in order to control the cost of health care. We need health savings accounts and association health care plans. Look, we need to make sure the patient and the doctor are the center of the health care system in the world, not federal bureaucracies. (Applause.)

If we want to be competitive and strong, if we want our people to be able to find work, you better get you a President who understands we need to become less dependent on foreign sources of energy. (Applause.) I've laid out a strong energy strategy that's stuck in the United States Senate, an energy policy that encourages alternative sources of energy. It's an energy policy that encourages conservation, but it's an energy policy that's realistic, too. We need clean coal technology. We need clean nuclear power. We need to become less dependent on foreign sources of energy if we want this economy to grow. (Applause.)

Finally, if we want to be smart, if we want to be the leading country in the world when it comes to growth so people can work, we got to be better -- we've got to be smarter about how we educate our people. I mean, this No Child Left Behind Act I signed is a good start. I look forward to debate on educational excellence. See, this bill is one that says we're going to raise the standards, not lower the standards. This is a bill that says we believe every child can learn, not just a few. This is a bill that says we expect the very best. This is a bill that says we're going to challenge the soft bigotry of low expectations.

You see, if you believe every child can learn, then you want to know, you want to see. This is a bill that says for increased federal dollars, you measure, you get to run your schools -- I believe in local control of schools -- but you measure. You show us whether or not every child is learning to read. And if we find they're not, parents need different choices. When we find that children aren't learning to read, we'll change the curriculum. When we find children stuck in schools that won't teach and won't change, we can demand something better. We've got to insist that no child be left behind in America. (Applause.)

And good policy also understands a vision for the future sees clearly the need to use our community college system to train workers for the jobs which actually exist. You see, we've got a lot of people who want to work, and there are new jobs being created in our economy -- what they call, the jobs of the 21st century. But they don't have the skills necessary to fill those jobs. This country must expedite, must help, must pay for through Pell grants and other assistance programs, training -- programs to train workers for jobs which actually exist.

Sure, there's some jobs leaving, and that breaks our hearts. But there's new jobs being created -- better paying, higher quality jobs. And we have a duty to help train workers to meet those jobs. No, a vision for the future is one that understands that in order for us to compete, we've got to be the best place for people to do business. And the best place means good tax policy, good regulatory policy, and an educated work force to fill the jobs of the 21st century. (Applause.)

And finally, you need to put me back in office because I understand the true strength of this country is in the hearts and souls of our citizens. We talk a lot about our military being the strength of America, and it's an important part of our strength. And by the way, I intend to keep the military strong. And if you have a loved one in the military, you thank him on behalf of a grateful Commander-in-Chief. (Applause.) And we'll continue to push pro-growth policies so that we're a wealthy nation. But the strength of this country is the fact that we've got citizens who are willing to love a neighbor just like they would like to be loved themselves. The strength of this country is the fact that there are thousands and thousands of citizens who are willing to take time out of their life to help somebody who hurts, to help the lonely, to feed the hungry, to find shelter for the homeless.

You see, the great fabric of America is made up of the thousands acts of kindness and generosity that take place on a daily basis, not because government has said to do so, but because they've heard a call that is bigger than government. They understand that a responsible citizen is one that reaches out to somebody who hurts. The job of the President is to capture and lift that spirit, is to call people to a service greater than self, is to help change this country one heart, one soul, one conscience at a time, by rallying and tapping the true strength of the country, which is the hearts and souls of the American people. (Applause.)

Linda Rabolt is here today. She works for the Interfaith Hospitality Network. (Applause.) That's good. Some of you heard about Linda. They work at churches in this community to serve 41 families. You see, they saw somebody who hurt and they reached out to them. They're showing what it means to love a neighbor.

Here's what she said about serving the homeless: "It's not that they don't have needs and desires and dreams. They're just down on their luck." See, Linda sees a better day, a better day. She sees a bright future. "It's rewarding to be a part of their lives," she says, "and to watch them to grow and change and move on."

That's the spirit of this country, isn't it? What a fabulous country we have -- a country that's resolute and determined; a country that's resolute never to give in to an enemy that hates us, determined to do what it takes to make the world more peaceful; a country that is compassionate and decent when it comes to making sure the future is bright for every single citizen. And it is such an honor -- such a high honor -- to be the President of such a fantastic land.

I thank you for your support. I thank you for your friendship. May God bless you, and may God continue to bless the United States of America. Thank you all, very much. (Applause.)

The Golden Lamb

The Golden Lamb traces its roots back to a two-story log-cabin tavern owned by Jonas Seaman at the hotel’s present site at the northwest corner of Broadway and Main Street. The Golden Lamb’s Lebanon Room marks the spot of this first cabin.

On December 23, 1803, Seaman spent $4 for a license “to keep a house of Public Entertainment” on land he had purchased from Lebanon’s first settler, Ichabod Corwin.

At this time — since many pioneer settlers could not read — it was common for a business to hang a colorful sign picturing a recognizable object. Lebanon already had The Black Horse, so Seaman soon posted a sign of a golden lamb.

Seaman’s wife, Martha, served food at the tavern, providing meals of deer, bear or wild turkey with cornbread. For 25 cents, customers could take a seat at a long, communal table and dine on meals served on wooden or pewter plates. They could spend the night for half that much, but the price increased sharply if they wanted a private room.

Business was good but Seaman found himself in financial difficulty. In 1806, lawsuits were brought against a number of settlers for payment still owed on their land. Seaman in turn sued those in debt to him, but was unable to collect as much as he owed. Three years later he was forced to hold a public sale and gave up ownership of the tavern.

In 1815 The Golden Lamb moved into a two-story brick building built by Ichabod Corwin. The original structure today serves as the front lobby and Dickens Dining Room. In 1844 a third story was built. A three-story wing was added to the north in 1854, including what is now the Shaker and Buckeye dinning rooms. 1878 saw the fourth story added to accommodate the workers who would bring the railroad to Lebanon in 1882. The gift shop and the Lamb’s Black Horse Tavern were added in 1964.

The Golden Lamb went by many names in the 1800s and early 20th century. It was called the Ohio and Pennsylvania Hotel, the Bradley House, the Stubbs House and the Ownly Hotel. The last one was so named because Ownly Furman was the proprietor. It was most commonly known as The Lebanon House during this period.

In 1926, Robert H. Jones bought the property and transformed it from a run-down boarding house into a nationally known historic hotel. In addition to restoring the building and furnishing it with what would turn out to be museum-quality antiques, Jones and his wife, Virginia, restored the hotel’s original name: The Golden Lamb.

Robert Jones turned over the operation of The Golden Lamb business to Lee and Michael Comisar in 1969. The two brothers were the owners of the Maisonette restaurant in Cincinnati. The Jones family, however, retained ownership of the building.

During The Golden Lamb’s more than 200-year history, 12 U.S. presidents are said to have visited the inn. Nine of them came before they were president, while two came after their presidency. The only president to come while in office was George W. Bush. On May 4, 2004 he visited Lebanon as part of his 2004 reelection campaign. He was introduced to the crowd of 2,500 in front of The Golden Lamb by then U.S. Rep. Rob Portman, grandson of Robert and Virginia Jones. After his speech, the president visited the hotel and was shown the room that would be called the George W. Bush Room. It was the one in which his mother, Barbara Bush, spent the night on April 12, 1988.

In 2006 ownership and operation of The Golden Lamb business was turned over to Stevens Hospitality, a Blue Ash-based hotel-management company run by the father-and-son team of Steven W. and Steven D. Mullinger. Robert and Virginia Jones’s grandchildren — Wym Portman, Rob Portman and Ginna Portman Amis — own the historic building. Together, the Mullingers and Portmans invested more than $7 million in renovations, including a new kitchen.